At the elite end of athletics one often sees extreme specialization of body type (other things too - muscle type, proportions, etc). I've sometimes thought it would be interesting to make a poster of the most elite for all sports. Now someone is doing that for the women of the Rio games. A Kickstarter project. This might make a nice gift for girls - showing them so many types can excel.
Some of the rewards are a bit spendy. Perhaps the way to go, assuming the project funds, would be the pdf... you can have those printed as books or booklets - or just read them on whatever glass you like.
The Rio medals are very large at about a half kilogram. The gold and silver medals are mostly silver - the gold has a value of about $564 and the silver about $305. Bronze medals are mostly copper and aren't taxed.
In the US the USOC awards $25k for each gold, $15k for each silver and $10k for each bronze medal...
Not only did millions of TV viewers see those Nike shoes on their screens, millions of Americans saw those same shoes slung around Johnson's neck a few days later on the cover of Time. It was hard to imagine a more successful piece of marketing for any Olympic sponsor.
Except for one little problem: Nike wasn't an Olympic sponsor.
Instead of paying for an official sponsorship, Nike decided it could get its brand into the 1996 games in other ways—and Johnson's gold shoes were just the beginning.
Knowing someone who does something is always more powerful than knowing of someone who does it. This is probably a significant factor in the high numbers of elite runners from Bekoji and Iten. In a very different context, it is a phenomenon identified by University of Texas at Austin sociologists Catherine Riegle-Crumb and Chelsea Moore in a 2014 study of 20,000 high school students in the U.S., which set out to research the gender gap in females studying physics. They found that “as the percentage of females [locally] employed in STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) occupations increases, the odds of girls taking physics compared to boys also increases. Put differently, schools in communities with a higher percentage of women in such fields have less of a female disadvantage in rates of physics course-taking.”
Some religious organizations like it both ways - to discriminate and then to claim they are being discriminated against if someone calls them on their discrimination. BYU has been trying to get into a more prestigious athletic conference. It turns out their parent church has some rather harsh anti LGBT policies and that may be an issue.
When Thomas Hicks, an American runner, faltered near the end of the 1904 Olympic marathon, in St. Louis, his assistants gave him shots of strychnine (which is now commonly used as rat poison) and brandy to revive him. Hicks crossed the finish line after another American, Fred Lorz—but was declared the winner when it was discovered that Lorz had ridden eleven miles of the marathon in his coach’s car. The perception was that Lorz had cheated, and Hicks had not.
I thought of Hicks on Sunday, when the International Olympic Committee announced that all Russian athletes would have to appeal to the international federation of their sport in order to gain eligibility to compete at next month’s Rio Olympic Games.