The effort to divert materials and good to war production directly impacted the lives of all civilians. One wonders what kind of event would allow that to happen today? I remember my mother talking about improvising women's nylon stockings.
Starting around 1915 and lasting into the early 1920s, a US Post Office-backed “Farm to Table” movement encouraged consumers to have farmers ship them fresh food via parcel post. Its goals were to lower food costs while aiding farmers. In November of 1919, the B. F. Goodrich company supported a Farm to Table week in which consumers were to drive to rural areas to buy provisions from farmers. At least one restaurant which ran a farm, Kolb’s in New Orleans, adopted the slogan. In the late 1920s the Miami FL chamber of commerce encouraged restaurants to buy local, arguing that it was not only healthy to serve more fruits and vegetables but good for farmers and the Dade County economy.
Americans tend to ignore Africa often conflating it with an imaginary economically devastated country that has lions and giraffes. The reality is much more complex. I've learned a bit about West Africa as we have a friend living in Cameroon, but the eastern Congo has seen the worst conflict since WWII - a conflict most of us know nothing about. The Council on Foreign Relations has a terrific backgrounder. There are other regions of intense conflict - Sudan is a prime example - but the states of Africa need to be understood as progress in made in some areas and the rate of economic growth is highest in the world.
Such thinking has a long history in the region. At the turn of the last century, there was vehement opposition to the creation of national parks, which were seen as a waste of land that could be used for logging, mining, and ranching. Malheur itself, founded in 1908, was the site of serious political conflict in the nineteen-twenties: Oregonians wanted it closed down, so that Lake Malheur could be drained and the land sold off to farmers. In the seventies, during the so-called Sagebrush Rebellion, states across the region attempted to seize control of land from the federal government, which owns close to half of all land in the West. The Sagebrush Rebellion ultimately fizzled, but it helped instill the idea that federal land ownership is an economic blight, an idea that’s become more and more popular with Republicans as environmental regulations and restrictions on land use have proliferated. Organizations like the Koch-funded American Lands Council are working to help local governments reclaim some control of public land. Senator Lisa Murkowski, of Alaska, sponsored an amendment last March supporting the selling, trading, and transfer of federal land to the states. Ted Cruz has said that the U.S. should be prohibited from owning more than fifty per cent of the land in any state.
The libertarian appeal of the “take back the land” rhetoric masks a fundamental contradiction: the West has flourished because of the federal government’s help, not in spite of it. No region’s economy has depended more on subsidies and taxpayer-funded investment. In the nineteenth century, the Homestead Act handed out free land to settlers, and the transcontinental railroad was built thanks to cheap land grants and huge government outlays. The federal government has played a vital role in managing the Western watershed, while investing billions of dollars in dams and other public infrastructure. As the historian Gerald Nash has shown, the West’s postwar boom was jump-started by money the government poured into the region during the Second World War.
Going through the NASA image photo archive I found a few impressive images. These are from Apollo 11 taken during the rendezvous between the Command Module and the Lunar Module shortly after it became the first manned vehicle to leave a body other than the Earth.
Here’s the thought. Except for one person every human living or dead born before 21 July 1969 was in the frame of these images. Michael Collins was the photographer behind the frame. He used a Hasselblad 70 mm format camera with a 80mm f2.8 lens.