For Samsø, the idea was to create a space where students and Maine islanders can collaborate to solve real energy sustainability problems in their respective communities.
We started our journey on Samsø to draw inspiration from their example. In 2007, Samsø became 100-percent renewably powered and carbon negative through a combination of home efficiency and conversions to biomass, solar, and wind power.
While many of us came to Samsø expecting a technical story, what we came to realize is that the success of Samsø — and also the biggest impediment to replicating their success — is people.
Most impressive to me, as teaching assistant and co-creator of the newly piloted course, was how how Søren Hermansen and those at the forefront of the Samsø project were able to convince a somewhat-resistant agricultural community to take charge of their energy future.
They used proven technology (now more than a decade old) and garnered widespread support by using a transparent and personable approach. They always began with the social, cultural, and economic returns of the project, rather than focusing solely on environmental implications that for some are less tangible.
For years, Mr. Putin bullied and cajoled Bulgaria, one of the European Union’s weakest nations, into doing Russia’s bidding on South Stream. And he seemed poised to succeed, but for one fundamental miscalculation: He underestimated the West’s response to his aggression in Ukraine. Faced with punishing sanctions, a petro-economy pushed to the brink by plunging oil prices and the wildly gyrating value of the ruble, Mr. Putin this month halted the project.
But if the story of South Stream shows how larger geopolitical concerns can, at least temporarily, limit Mr. Putin’s ability to use his energy riches as a foreign-policy tool, it is also a case study of how he has operated in Europe, and will probably continue to do so.
He has won influence abroad by wielding the tools of crony capitalism that have made him so powerful at home. After a secret meeting between Bulgaria’s prime minister and the head of Gazprom, pipeline contracts were given to a company controlled by a member of Mr. Putin’s inner circle and politically connected Bulgarian companies.
RGN spoke extensively and off the record with the airline at the recent APEX Expo in Anaheim, California. The front-to-back domestic US model mooted to us would comprise a premium cabin, enhanced economy, regular economy and “economy minus” offering.
The big economy change — which may well be a fishing expedition to provoke comment in the industry or see whether its two primary competitors are interested in showing their hands — would be truly groundbreaking if implemented. Economy would come in three flavors – enhanced economy with around the 35-38” pitch range, regular economy at 30-31”, and the new “economy minus” at 30” and below.
Some discount airlines are already below 30" - Seatguru shows Monarch and Thomson at 28" with very narrow seats and EasyJet at 29". A few designs like this and this have appeared for extremely dense semi-standing. It isn't clear how popular it would be, but one can imagine customers taking it on short flights if there was a significant fare difference.
This is probably inevitable as flying has become nothing more than transportation for most of us who are flying on our own dime. It seems unfair for those who are very heavy or very tall. A 6'7 friend with a 40" inseam doesn't fit into current economy seats so she has a tall tax. On the other hand some people, mostly women, would do well if airfares were weight based.
Our home's rule is simple - one bite to be polite. You have to eat one bite of everything that's put on your plate. If you don't like it after a bite, you don't need to have more, and there's always at least a few different choices per meal (but second meals aren't prepared to replace wholly rejected first ones).
My oldest probably took 30 runs at green leafy salads until she started eating them without pause. My middle kid, 30 runs at sweet potatoes. And the baby? So far she still eats pretty much anything.
Apparently kids' palates are rather plastic, and just like I tell the girls, if you try a food enough times, eventually your tongue will learn to like it.
Well one day a little over a month ago I got to thinking. I wonder if my palate's got any plasticity left?
Cronise believes that his weight-loss story was misunderstood and may have distracted people from the important issue of nutrition. “You can’t freeze yourself thin,” he told me. “When I first started, I had kind of a naive approach that I was going to suck calories out of people.” But his interest in altering metabolism through exposure to mild cold—which he defines as 55 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit—has only grown. Such temperatures are far enough below the socially accepted range that people plunked into a 50-something degree office would complain to no end. Unless, maybe, they believed it was good for them.
The notion that thermal environments influence human metabolism dates back to studies conducted in the late 18th century by the French chemist Antoine Lavoisier, but only in the past century has it really become relevant to daily life. Cronise believes that our thinking about the modern plagues of obesity and metabolic disease (like diabetes) has not addressed the fact that most people are rarely cold today. Many of us live almost constantly, year-round, in 70-something-degree environments. And when we are caught somewhere colder than that, most of us quickly put on a sweater or turn up the thermostat.
In that sense, we don’t really experience seasonal variations in temperature the way our ancestors did. Even people in tropical regions used to get cold on rainy nights, Cronise pointed out, in a quick rejoinder to my observation that not all parts of the world have four seasons.
a variety of types are available - like this one, but interested people should look around. People with MS sometimes require cooling garmets - here a variety are listed.